How to do things
AI Noob vs. Pro
Free Open Source:
a command line
free external tools,
- download the free Swiss File Knife Base from Sourceforge. - open the Windows CMD command line, Mac OS X Terminal or Linux shell. - OS X : type mv sfk-mac-64.exe sfk and chmod +x sfk then ./sfk - Linux: type mv sfk-linux-64.exe sfk and chmod +x sfk then ./sfk OS X and Linux syntax may differ, check the help within the tool.
sfk hexfind [opts] -pat /pattern/ -dir anydir -file .ext1 [.ext2] search text or binary data in text and binary files. if multiple patterns are given then they are searched independently (pattern1 OR pattern2). this is a basic command to search only static data. type sfk xhexfind to use wildcards and expressions. subdirectories are included by default the sfk default for most commands is to process the given folders, as well as all subdirs within them. specify -nosub to disable this. options -nosub do not include files in subdirectories. -nobin[ary] skip binary files. -case case-sensitive text comparison. default is case-insensitive comparison for all -text strings, but NOT for -bin blocks. case-sensitive comparison is faster then case-insensitive. for further details type: sfk help nocase -nocase force case-insensitive comparison ALSO on -bin patterns. -text starts a list of search patterns of the form /src/ or /src/totext/ where / is the separator char, src the text to search for, and totext a mask to reformat output. any separator char can be used which is not part of the search text, i.e. /foo/ or _foo_ both search "foo". -text is not required if a single filename is given. -pat the same as -text, starting a pattern list. -spat same as -pat but also activates slash patterns like \t . type "sfk help pat" for the list of possible patterns. -spats[trict] same as -spat, but stops with error on undefined slash patterns like \m in C:\myproj. every slash must then be escaped, e.g. using C:\\myproj. -bin[ary] starts a list of binary replace patterns, specified as hexcode like /0A0D/2020/ -bylist x.txt read search patterns from a file x.txt, supporting multiple lines per pattern. (add -full for more.) -bylinelist x read /from/to/ or just /from/ patterns from a file x with one pattern per line. (add -full for more.) -by(line)list does not support sfk variables. to use variables in patterns create an sfk script with patterns as parameters. "sfk script" for more. -arc XE: include content of .zip .jar .tar etc. archives as deep as possible, including nested archives. XD: demo will read first 1000 bytes of each entry. -qarc quick read top level archives but not nested ones. -firsthit process only first found pattern match per file. -quiet do not show progress infos. -stat show statistics like hits per pattern and no. of files. -perf show performance statistics. -full print full help text telling about -bylist pat. files, special character case sensitivity and nested or repeated replace behaviour. output options -wide show 16 bytes per line in output. -lean show 8 bytes per line in output. -context=n show n bytes of context around results. -fullhead[er] print offset/length of hits both in decimal and hex. -maxdump=n show up to n bytes only. n must be larger then context. -nodump do not create a hexdump, list only matching files. -showle highlight CR/LF line endings in hex dump output -context=n with hexdump: show additional n bytes of context. -reldist with hexdump: tell relative distances to previous hits. +tofile x as last parameter (command chaining): write text as displayed on terminal to a file x. -more[n] pause output every 30 or n lines. return codes for batch files 0 = no matches, 1 = matches found, >1 = major error occurred. see also "sfk help opt" on how to influence error processing. quoted multi line parameters are supported in scripts using full trim. type "sfk script" for details. aliases sfk xhexfind is the same as xfind -hex to extract unmodified binary data you may use either sfk xfind -pure ... -tofile or sfk extract ... -tofile office file support sfk ofind search in .xml text file contents of office files like .docx .xlsx .ods .odt. sfk help office for more infos and options see also --- open source commands --- sfk xfind search wildcard text in plain text files sfk ofind search in office files .docx .xlsx .ods sfk xfindbin search wildcard text in text/binary files sfk xhexfind search in text/binary with hex dump output sfk extract extract wildcard data from text/binary files sfk filter filter and edit text with simple wildcards sfk find search fixed text in text files sfk findbin search fixed text in text/binary files sfk hexfind search fixed text in binary files sfk replace replace fixed text in text/binary files --- freeware commands --- sfk view GUI tool to search text as you type --- xe commercial commands --- sfk replace replace fixed text with high performance sfk xreplace replace wildcard text in text/binary files sfk help xe about SFK XE and xreplace with SFK Expressions. beware of Shell Command Characters. to find or replace text patterns containing spaces or special characters like <>|!&?* you must add quotes "" around parameters or the shell environment will destroy your command. for example, pattern /foo bar/other/ must be written like "/foo bar/other/" within a .bat or .cmd file the percent % must be escaped like %% even within quotes: sfk echo -spat "percent %% is a percent \x25" web reference http://stahlworks.com/sfk-hexfind common usage errors sfk hexfind in.txt "/foo\r\n/" will not find "foo" at line ends, but searches literal strings like "slash and r". add option -spat to enable slash patterns, converting \r\n to real CRLF codes, or use xhexfind where slash patterns are default. sfk hexfind mydir "/foo*bar/" will not find "foo" and "bar" with any characters inbetween, but searches a literal star "*". use xhexfind to enable search with wildcards. sfk rep in.txt "/foo[0.1000 bytes]bar/---/" will not replace up to 1000 bytes between "foo" and "bar", but replaces a literal string "foo" then "[1000 bytes]" then "bar". use xed or xreplace instead. examples sfk hexfind -text "/foo/" "/bar/" -dir mydir -file .txt .hpp find words "foo" or "bar" case insensitive in all .txt or .hpp files in a folder mydir. sfk hexfind -binary /666f6f/ -dir mydir -file .exe +view find binary data with hex values 0x66, 0x6f, 0x6f in all .exe files of mydir and show result in dview.
sfk is a free open-source tool, running instantly without installation efforts. no DLL's,
no registry changes - just get sfk.exe from the zip package and use it (binaries for
windows, linux and mac are included).
read more about all sfk functions here.